12 types of mental health issues and illnesses

The official website of the Gateway Counseling Center https://www.gccnyc.org/ is an opportunity to learn about proven ways to improve the quality of life. The combination of diagnostics and effective advice helps to eliminate the feeling of discomfort. Find answers to your questions.

Creating a favorable space and helping to identify the need for them is really difficult. However, the tips and recommendations of experts are designed to facilitate this path from uncertainty to purposeful action. Fighting and not giving up is the most important thing in our lives. It is easier to take your chance and change for the better when you know the cause of your discomfort.

Anxiety disorders

Instincts are necessary for survival. Cases when the brain misjudges a situation are not uncommon. These situations have one thing in common a nervous state. The consequences of an incorrect assessment of the situation include panic, OCD, phobias, PTSD, etc. The manifestations reduce the quality of life.

Behavioural and emotional disorders

Human behavior depends on the results of environmental analysis. Diagnosis is carried out in childhood, as the disorders can be controlled. This type of mental health problem affects information processing and concentration, which leads to a deterioration in the quality of life. Therapy in combination with medication helps determine the complexity of the problem and return to the usual rhythm of life.

Bipolar affective disorder

Frequent mood swings are a signal of a malfunction of the mental system. Signs of the disease include a periodic change from high spirits to a lack of interest in events that involve a person. Thus, the manic stage is followed by a depressive mood, which leads to a deterioration in health.


Disorders that affect mood are known as depressive disorders. The peculiarity of the disease is that a person loses strength and interest in the world around him. Signs include decreased activity and suicidal thoughts. Timely help can improve the quality of life and restore interest in it.

Dissociation and dissociative disorders

Identification and feelings are the aspects of human activity that suffer in the presence of dissociation problems. Detachment from events and difficulties in assessing situations provoke amnesia, depersonalization, and other identity-related disorders.

Eating disorders

The causes of the disease are associated with stressful situations. Increased (decreased) interest in food leads to changes in eating habits. A person suffering from these types of mental health problems loses weight and is prone to bulimia nervosa and overeating. Treatment includes psychotherapy to establish a cause-and-effect relationship.

Obsessive compulsive disorder

Repetitive thoughts and actions characterize this anxiety disorder. In this case, the images harm the quality of life, and the patient cannot deal with them alone. Treatment consists of behavioral therapy and taking appropriate medications after consulting a doctor.


Irrational feelings and impressions are a sign of paranoid disorders. A person feels that others are trying to attack or create conflict. It is not possible to get rid of irrationality during the assessment on your own, and therapy and medication are needed to control it.

Post-traumatic stress disorder

Mental health disorders are the result of being in stressful situations. Events that have caused strong impressions lead to its occurrence. For example, the disorder is observed in people who have experienced sexual (physical) violence, accidents, war, or natural disasters.


Hallucinations, delusions, and confused thinking manifest in this category. The problem can be caused by other diseases (schizophrenia, mood disorders). Treatment requires psychological support and the selection of medications based on the patient’s characteristics.


The complex disorder affects communication, reality assessment, and thinking. People face the following consequences of the disease:

  • a decrease in social and physical activity;
  • the appearance of hallucinations or delusions;
  • decrease (complete absence) of motivation;
  • isolation;
  • thinking disorders.

Treatment is carried out with the participation of specialists who assess the current state and select the appropriate treatment.


Improving the quality of life in the presence of disorders is possible. To do this, you need to seek the help of a specialist who will determine the characteristics of different types of mental health illnesses. Following the advice and medication plan allows you to restore your usual rhythm. Getting the support you need and access to a supportive environment is crucial, which is why Gateway Counseling Center offers it.




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